Category Archives: Video Clip

How did Israel’s Dakar submarine sink 45 years ago? – Video Clip

Israel’s archive is allowing the publication of 16 historic documents relating to the submarine’s disappearance and the subsequent search operation, but the answers are not surfacing easily.

The Dakar Submarine 1968

The Dakar Submarine 1968

The State Archives is slated to release a series of secret documents today related to the sinking of the Israel Navy’s Dakar submarine in 1968, which caused the death of 69 Israeli sailors. These documents include an Israel Navy report from 1968 that does not disqualify a “hostile act by the Soviet fleet,” and Foreign Ministry correspondence which notes that Turkey refused to allow Israel to search along its coastline “out of Turkish pride.”

Remnants of the submarine were discovered on the Mediterranean seabed 14 years ago, “but the question as to the circumstances of the sinking remain open to this day,” according to sources at the State Archives.

Now, almost exactly 45 years after the disaster, the archive is allowing the publication of 16 historic documents relating to the submarine’s disappearance and the subsequent search operation. This includes Foreign Ministry cables and the minutes of cabinet meetings beginning on January 26, 1968 − one day after communication was lost with the submarine, which was on a training mission on its way to Haifa.

Even after all these years, there still remain some classified documents that cannot be published in full. These include the classified 87-page report handed over to Dayan by then-navy commander Maj. Gen. Shlomo Harel on March 1, 1968.

That report is on track to be published in its entirety in five years. In the meantime, the State Archives and Israel Defense Forces archives department have cooperated to publish the main findings now.

From the material cleared for publication, it appears that the navy pointed to three possible reasons for the submarine’s sinking. First on the list is “technical fault or human error,” second is “hostile action by the Soviet fleet − a possibility that cannot be fully discarded,” and third is “a collision with another seagoing craft.”

In 45 years, there has been no confirmation that the Soviets were involved in sinking the submarine.

The complete report − of which only a few, secret copies were distributed − is currently stored in the IDF’s archives department. It has not been made available to the public because 50 years have not yet passed since it was drafted.

Other documents released by the State Archives reveal Turkey’s refusal to allow Israel to scour its coastline to search for remnants of the submarine.

On February 2, 1968, Daniel Laor, Israel’s diplomatic representative in Ankara, reported that Israel’s military attache had asked the Turkish chief of staff to allow Israel Navy ships and planes to search along part of Turkey’s southern coastline. The Turks refused, but agreed to conduct their own search operation with Israel’s guidance.

“I expressed disappointment that they raised difficulties,” Laor wrote.

In another cable sent to the Foreign Ministry, Laor offered several explanations for why the Turks refused to allow Israel to search for the submarine. The first was security-related: “It is a sensitive area between Cyprus and Turkey where air, sea and ground forces were gathering prior to an invasion of Cyprus. Turkey is not interested in having foreign ships searching its waters without its supervision,” he wrote.

Cyprus was invaded in 1974, six years later.

Laor noted another possible reason: “Turkish pride, based on the pretense that they could do it better than us.” Eventually, however, Turkey helped facilitate Israel’s extensive search operation. Last week marked the 45th anniversary since then-Defense Minister Moshe Dayan proclaimed that the Dakar and its crew were “missing.” A memorial now stands in the Mount Herzl military cemetery for the Dakar’s 69 crew members who perished.

Source – Haaretz

San Diego submarine dives into Hollywood – Video clip

San Diego Submarine

Click on picture above for video clip

SAN DIEGO (CBS 8) – This Friday the movie “Phantom” opens in theaters across the country (USA).

The Cold War-era movie was shot entirely in San Diego using a real-life Russian submarine.

In this News 8 video story, Jeff Zevely met the movie’s writer and director onboard the Soviet B-39 sub.

Source – CBS8

Australian Submariners Documentary Part 1 of 12 (Video Clip)

12 part documentary series following the exploits of the Australian controversial Collins Class submarine

Part 1 of 12 

Featuring CO – Steve Hussey (EX RN Submarine Officer)

Source – Youtube

Russia explores old nuclear waste dumps in Arctic – Video Clip

By Laurence PeterBBC News

K-27 sub being towed prior to being scuttled off Novaya Zemlya, 1981
The Soviet K-27 submarine was sunk in the Kara Sea in 1981 after a fatal nuclear leak (pic: Vyacheslav Mazurenko)

The toxic legacy of the Cold War lives on in Russia’s Arctic, where the Soviet military dumped many tonnes of radioactive hardware at sea.

For more than a decade, Western governments have been helping Russia to remove nuclear fuel from decommissioned submarines docked in the Kola Peninsula – the region closest to Scandinavia.

But further east lies an intact nuclear submarine at the bottom of the Kara Sea, and its highly enriched uranium fuel is a potential time bomb.

This year the Russian authorities want to see if the K-27 sub can be safely raised, so that the uranium – sealed inside the reactors – can be removed.

They also plan to survey numerous other nuclear dumps in the Kara Sea, where Russia’s energy giant Rosneft and its US partner Exxon Mobil are now exploring for oil and gas.

Kara Sea map

Seismic tests have been done and drilling of exploratory wells is likely to begin next year, so Russia does not want any radiation hazard to overshadow that. Rosneft estimates the offshore fossil fuel reserves to be about 21.5bn tonnes.

‘Strategic imperative’

The Kara Sea region is remote, sparsely populated and bitterly cold, frozen over for much of the year. The hostile climate would make cleaning up a big oil spill hugely challenging, environmentalists say.

Those fears were heightened recently by the Kulluk accident – a Shell oil rig that ran aground in Alaska.

But Charles Emmerson, an Arctic specialist at the Chatham House think tank, says Arctic drilling is a “strategic imperative” for Russia, which relies heavily on oil and gas exports.

It is a bigger priority for Russia than Alaskan energy is for the US, he says, because the US now has a plentiful supply of shale gas. That and environmental concerns make the Arctic more problematic for Americans, he told BBC News.

“In the US the Arctic gets great public scrutiny and it’s highly political, but in Russia there is less public pressure.”

Russia is rapidly developing the energy-rich Yamal Peninsula, on the eastern shore of the Kara Sea. The retreat of Arctic summer sea ice, believed to be evidence of global warming, means liquefied natural gas tankers will be able to reach the far east via Russia’s Northern Sea Route in future.

Secret dumps

“Start Quote

Two sailors from K-27

The captain decided to keep going, because if the sub stopped for several hours nobody would survive long enough to get it back to base”
Vyacheslav MazurenkoK-27 survivor

On the western flank is a closed military zone – the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. It was where the USSR tested hydrogen bombs – above ground in the early days.

Besides K-27, official figures show that the Soviet military dumped a huge quantity of nuclear waste in the Kara Sea: 17,000 containers and 19 vessels with radioactive waste, as well as 14 nuclear reactors, five of which contain hazardous spent fuel. Low-level liquid waste was simply poured into the sea.

Norwegian experts and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) are satisfied that there is no evidence of a radiation leak – the Kara Sea’s radioisotope levels are normal.

But Ingar Amundsen, an official at the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority (NRPA), says more checks are needed.

The risk of a leak through seawater corrosion hangs over the future – and that would be especially dangerous in the case of K-27, he told BBC News.

“You cannot exclude the possibility that there is more waste there which we don’t know about,” he said.

Igor Kudrik of the Norwegian environmental group Bellona says there is even a risk that corrosion could trigger a nuclear chain reaction, in the worst-case scenario.

Other wrecks

Kursk wreck in dry dock
In 2001 the ill-fated Kursk was salvaged and put in a Russian dry dock


With international help Russia did manage to lift the wreck of the Kursk submarine after it sank in the Barents Sea during exercises in 2000. A torpedo explosion and fire killed 118 Russian sailors, in a drama which gripped the world’s media. The Russian navy was heavily criticised for its slow response.

But another ill-fated Russian nuclear-powered sub – the K-159 – remains at the bottom of the Barents Sea, in international waters.

And in the Norwegian Sea lies the K-278 Komsomolets, reckoned to be too deep to be salvaged.

Mr Amundsen says Russia is finally giving the radioactive waste problem the attention it deserves, and “we’re very happy they are focusing on this now”.

K-27 was an experimental submarine – the first in the Soviet navy to be powered by two reactors cooled by lead-bismuth liquid metal.

Disaster struck in 1968, when radioactive gases escaped from one reactor, poisoning crew members who tried to repair it at sea.

This footage from the Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority shows the K-27 submarine underwater

Nine sailors died of radiation sickness, but the Soviet military kept it secret for decades.

Data collection

The navy gave up trying to repair K-27 and scuttled it illegally in 1981 off Novaya Zemlya. It lies just 30m (99ft) beneath the surface of Stepovogo fjord – though international guidelines say decommissioned vessels should be buried at least 3,000m down.

Last September a joint Norwegian-Russian expedition examined the wreck with a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) equipped with a video camera. Some other nuclear dump sites were also examined and they found no signs of any leak, but the investigations are continuing.

Beyond the Kara Sea, Russia is forging ahead with exploration of the Arctic seabed, collecting data for a claim to areas beyond its waters.

Other Arctic countries are doing the same, aware of the frozen wilderness’s importance as the planet’s more accessible resources are depleted. A UN body, the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)., will adjudicate on the claims.

As if to underline the strategic priorities, Russia is boosting its military presence in the Arctic and the Northern Fleet is getting a new generation of submarines, armed with multiple nuclear warheads.

Source – BBC News

HMS Artemis: A Voyage North – Video Clip

Official British government film.

Impressionistic account of life on the submarine HMS Artemis, told partly through the eyes of Lt. Ellison, a new submarine officer (fifth hand). Includes footage of training at HMS Dolphin, passage aboard HMS Artemis (Amphion class submarine), hydrographic survey on edge of the ice field, and a run ashore in Copenhagen.

Source – Youtube

Giant Squid Attacking a Submarine – Video clip

Our friend “Jonny party”s at The Scuttlefish found this video of the Architeuthis, the living kraken filmed by Tsunemi Kubodera and his team after 400 hours in a research sub. It’s only a few seconds, but you can see the beast both peacefully floating and attacking the submarine.

The monster seems to be mightly annoyed, but who can blame it. According to Kubodera, they live “a solitary existence, swimming about all alone in the deep sea. It doesn’t live in a group, so when I saw it, well, it looked to me like it was rather lonely.”

Source – Gizmodo

DARPA drone ship tracks submarines – Video Clip

DARPA – the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency – is known for designing a variety of high-tech and futuristic platforms for the US military.

One of the most recent projects from DARPA? An oceangoing drone ship specially designed for submarine hunting by engineers at SAIC.

The ship – dubbed the ACTUV sub-tracking drone – is specifically built to monitor very quiet diesel-electric submarines. In terms of real-world scenarios, the Navy would deploy sonar buoys around a specific area to give the drone ship an idea of where to search.

After the search area is defined, the drone ship would be capable of taking over the search using long-range and short-range sonars for up to 13 weeks at a time. The ship is also able to detect and gauge the intent of other ships in its path, with human failsafes built into the system.

The ACTUV is currently categorized as a work in progress, so it will be years before the vessel is actually ready to plow through the oceans searching for enemy submarines.

SAIC says the ship won’t requires human interaction or maintenance for the entire term of its 60 to 90 day deployment. Indeed, the only time human assistance is needed during the ACTUV mission is when the harbormaster escorts the ship out of the dock.

Source – TG Daily

Submarine Escape Training Tank “SETT” – Video clip

The Royal Navy Submarine Escape Training Tank in Gosport is a 30 metre deep pool with hatches to “escape” from at 9m, 18m and a mock submarine tower at 30m. The purpose of the training is to give submariners the confidence to escape from a stricken submarine if it has sunk. The escapees do not use any diving equipment to breathe but due to the expanding volume of gas in their lungs as the pressure reduces, it is possible to continue breathing out all the way from 30m to the surface. This video also shows a demonstration of the Submarine Escape Immersion Suit that would be worn.

Find out more about SETT: Submarine Escape Training Tank

Submarine film – “Phantom – Video clip (Trailer)

Trailer for Submarine Thriller ‘Phantom’ with Harris, Duchovny

Phantom Trailer

Ed Harris & David Duchovny, both of them in a Cold War submarine thriller called Phantom? The cast in this, beyond Harris and Duchovny, also includes some other fantastic actors: William Fitchtner,Sean Patrick FlaneryJohnathon Schaech and Lance Henriksen.

Harris plays the captain of a Cold War Soviet missile submarine who has secretly been suffering from seizures that alter his perception of reality. There’s some odd supernatural-y twists, but otherwise this just looks like another solid submarine thriller.

The Captain of a Soviet submarine holds the fate of the world in his hands. On a seemingly haunted vessel, with a rogue element on board, Captain Demi (Ed Harris) is forced to face his past in order to find redemption in the present. But, in the depths of the South Pacific, man and machine are not alone.

Phantom was both written & directed by up-and-coming filmmaker Todd Robinson, of a few docs previously like Wild Bill: Hollywood Maverick and Amargosa, as well as the crime film Lonely Heartspreviously. RCR Distribution is releasing Phantom in theaters on March 1st, 2013

Source – First Showing

INF submarine ‘sinks enemy ships’ – Video Clip

Ahead of arrival of new German-made submarine, Navy releases rare video of underwater vessel’s drill

The Israel Navy (INF) released a rare video Monday, allowing a sneak peak at its most expensive weapon – the stealth submarine.

The video shows an exercise in which the submarine’s crew fires torpedoes at “enemy warships.”

The exercise was held as part of the INF’s preparations to receive its fourth German-made submarine, which is currently making its way to Israel. A fifth submarine has been contracted.

The Navy plans to add more sailors to its elite submarine unit and the current submarine crewmen course graduation will mark a new record in their numbers.

Graduates of the 16-month course will be given the rank of sergeant. Each has mastered a mechanical discipline of submarine operations, such as cruise control, navigation, electricity, weapons and sonar.

“The submarine – Israel’s most complex marine weapon – is only as strong as its crewmen,” INF Chief Admiral Ram Rotberg said Monday. “They are quality professionals with stern battle ethics.”

Source – Ynet News